Jobseekers Allowance (JA)
Table of Contents
Jobseeker's Allowance (JA) is a means tested social assistance payment. It is paid by the Department of Social Protection on the basis that you are unemployed and meet the general qualification criteria as outlined below.
Jobseekers Allowance is normally paid if you are unemployed and do not have enough PRSI contributions or 'stamps' to qualify for a social insurance payment i.e. Jobseeker's Benefit.
To qualify for Jobseeker's Allowance you must:
- Be habitually resident in Ireland
- Be unemployed
- Be over 18 and under pension age (66)
- Be capable of work
- Be available for work
- Be genuinely seeking work
- Satisfy a means test
- Prove unemployment in the prescribed manner
Jobseeker's Allowance and PUP
During the coronavirus restrictions, people on jobseeker’s Allowance do not have to sign on at their local Intreo office.
If you have lost your job and have dependants, you may get a higher payment if you apply for Jobseeker's Allowance (JA) instead of PUP. This is because PUP does not pay anything extra for dependants. Your dependants include your spouse or partner and your children.
If you were working casually, and were getting a jobseeker’s payment, and you became fully unemployed as a result of the COVID-19 emergency, you can claim PUP. If your days at work have been reduced, you do not qualify for PUP.
In order to qualify for a Jobseeker's Allowance payment you must prove that your 'means' are below the maximum rate of Jobseeker's Allowance for your family size. If it is decided that you do have assessable 'means', you may receive a reduced JA payment based on the amount of assessed means.
The rules on means testing are set out in the Departments internal guidelines. These guidelines do not always have a clear legal status and can be over-ruled by a decision of the Social Welfare Appeals Office. If you feel you are being treated unreasonably, you may have the right to appeal the decision (See Appeals)
The Department can ask you to produce details of all bank accounts or other information relating to the means test. If you do not provide the requested information or documention, the Department can refuse to process your claim because you have not provided the necessary information.
The following four categories of means or income are taken into account in the means test:
If you are 24 or under and living with a parent (or a step-parent) in the family home, the JA means test will assess some of your parents’ income (see Benefit and Privilege for more detail)
Broadly speaking, all money that you have will be taken into account. This includes your income, income from your partner/spouse, income from part-time work, from the renting of part of your home or from any occupational pension.
But - there are exceptions
Some cash income is not taken into account from the following sources:
- A certain amount of money earned from a HSE as a Home Help
- The maintenance portion of a Local Authority Higher Education Grant
- Child Benefit
- Rent or Mortgage Interest Supplement
- Income earned under certain schemes in Gaeltacht areas
- Income from charities
- Income from the HIV Haemophilia Fund and the Hepatitis C Fund
- Training allowances with rehabilitation courses
- Income from a Disability Pension or a Wound Pension under the Army Pension Acts 1923 - 1980 or a combination of allowances in so far as they do not exceed €104 per year (includes British War Pension from UK).
- Compensation awards by the residential institutions redress board
The Department of Social Protection will take into account the value of any property you own - except your own home. This includes:
- inherited house or property (or part interest in a property)
- holiday home
- second home
If you own a second home and this property is rented out the Capital Value of the property is assessed. The rental value of the property is not counted as part of the means test. Any outstanding mortgage registered against the property is deducted from the market value to find the capital value. However, if the mortgage on the home in which you live has been re-structured to raise capital to buy the second property, this re-structured mortgage will not be deducted from the capital assessment of the second property.
If you own a second home and this property is not rented out the Capital Value fo the property is assessed. Any outstanding mortgage registered against the property is deducted from the market value to find the capital value. However, if the mortgage on the home in which you live has been re-structured to raise capital to buy the second property, this re-structured mortgage will not be deducted from the capital assessment of the second property.
Not Inhabited/Lived in
Even if a property is derelict or uninhabited its Capital Value can be assessed as part of the means test. If you belive the property has been incorrectly valued by the Department of Employment Affairs & Social Protection, particulalry if it is delerlict, you should have the property valued at current market rates based on it current state.
Money that you have saved at home or invested in a bank or credit union, stocks, bonds or shares can also be counted as means against your Jobseeker's Allowance payment.
Even if you are not earning money from any of these the Department will still want to estimate any value you receive from them. The method of assessing capital for entitlement to Jobseeker's Allowance is:
Capital Weekly Means Assessed
|Next €10,000||€1.00 per €1,000|
|Next €10,000||€2.00 Per €1,000|
|Balance||€4.00 per €1,000|
If the Department know, or suspect, that you deliberately got rid of any money or property in order to qualify for a payment, you may be means tested as if you still had the money or property.
The Department's Social Welfare Officer can ask you to produce details of all bank accounts or other information relating to the means test. If you do not co-operate the Social Welfare Officer (SWO) can refuse to process your claim because you have not provided the necessary information.
This is a calculation made by the Department to judge the 'benefit' you receive from living in your parents' home.
This rule does not apply to you if you are over 24 years of age on Jobseeker's Allowance or where a married/co-habiting son/daughter is living with his/her parents.
For more information on the Benefit and Privilege calculation please contact the Welfare to Work Section of the INOU at 01 - 856 0088.
Further detailed information on the means test and the categories of means are available from the following:
You can speak, in complete confidence, to an Information Officer in the Information and Advocacy section directly at 01 - 856 0088 , Monday - Thursday 9.30 am to 5.00 pm and Friday 9.30am to 4.00pm.
Use the online Contact Us form on the INOU website
You can send your query directly to us by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org
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